快捷导航
登录 后使用快捷导航
没有帐号?注册
高中一年级 0 发私信 2014-3-31 09:51   查看: 2468   回复: 13

数 词
  考查内容 基数词和序数词的实际运用(如时间、日期、楼层、航班等表达);最高级中数词的运用;计量表达法;分数、次数的表达;基数词和序数词的判断;hundred,thousand,million等词的用法等。
  准备对策 掌握基数词和序数词的表达方法,记住词形;记住年、月、日的表达方法;熟记月份、星期、次数等单词;掌握千以上的较大数字的读法;注意数词的某些特殊用法。
  难点聚焦 基数词、序数词和约数。
  一、基数词——表示具体数量的数词
  1.13~19都以-teen结尾,特别注意thirteen,fifteen 和eighteen的拼写。
  2.21~99由十位数和个位数之间加连字符号“-”构成。
  3.英语中没有“万”和“亿”的单位,要用十进位方法推算。如:ten thousand(万),hundred million(亿)。
  4.基数词中十位数和百位数之间要用and,百位数与千位数中则无and。
  二、序数词——用以表示顺序和次序的数词
  1.序数词的缩写形式是由阿拉伯数字加上序数词的最后两个字母构成。如:1st,2nd,3rd,4th,13th,33rd 等。
  2.多位数的基数词变成序数词时,只需最后的一位数或两位数变成相应的序数词即可。如:333rd=three hundred and thirty-third,1111=one thousand one hundred and eleventh。
  3.序数词在实际运用中要使用定冠词the。
  4.基数词变序数词可参照如下口诀:
  多数序数加-th(如 four→fourth,seventy-seven→seventy-seventh)
  第1,2,3要注意(如one→first,two→second,three→third)8减t,9减e(如eight→eighth,nine→ninth)-ve换f,-y换-ie(如five→fifth,twelve→twelfth,thirty→thirtieth)
  三、“约数”的表达
  当hundred,thousand,million前有数词时,后不用复数。但当它们表示不确定的数量时,如“成百上千”“成千上万”“数以百万计的”等时,数词后要加-s。如:hundreds of,thousands of,millions of等。找错误1.We have manufactured two times as many products as we did last year.
  解析:答案是two times改为twice。表示倍数时,“一倍”用once,“两倍”用twice或double,“三倍”以上用“基数词+times”。2.I am in a big class.And two third of the students are girls.
  解析:答案是third改为thirds。表示分数时,分子应用基数词,分母应用序数词。分子是1以上的任何数时,分母应用复数形式。3.We plan to donate these books to Hope Project.And two hundreds of these books are brand new.
  解析:答案是hundreds改为hundred。hundred表示确定的数目时,不用复数形式,类似的数词还有score,dozen,hundred,thousand,million等。
  4.The famous pop singer was famous in his fifty.
  解析:答案是in his fifty改为in his fifties。“在某人的……年龄段”可以用“in one’s+基数词的复数”表达。
  
冠 词
  考查内容 不定冠词的用法及区分; 定冠词的用法;零冠词的运用;含有冠词的固定短语;冠词的综合运用。
  准备对策 熟记定冠词和不定冠词的用法; 弄清句子中的单数名词、复数名词或不可数名词及泛指、特指等概念。
  难点聚焦 不定冠词、定冠词和零冠词。
  一、不定冠词
  不定冠词a和an位于单数的可数名词前,表示“一”的含义。a用在以辅音音素开头的单词前,如:a horror film,a university boy,a one-eyed cat等。an用在以元音音素开头的单词前,如:an umbrella,an honest girl等。
  二、定冠词
  the用来表示某一类或是特指的人、物、事,可与单数或复数的可数名词或不可数名词连用,如:the United States of America,the air-conditioner等。
  三、零冠词
  有些情况下,名词前不需要加冠词,我们把这种情况称为“零冠词(zero article)”。以下情况通常不使用冠词——
  1.日期、月份、节日前不加冠词。如:October1st is Chinese National Day.
  2.称呼、职务或头衔前不加冠词。如:Eddie was elected to be secretary of our club.
  3.名词前不加the表示泛指。如:Do you often listen to light music?
  4.街道、广场名称前不加冠词。如:People’s Square,Nanjing Road Walkway,Fifth Avenue...
  5.学科、语言前不加冠词。如:Put the following sen-tences into Spanish.6.球、棋、牌类运动或游戏前不加冠词。如:A lot of people enjoy playing football all over the world.
  7.表示用餐时,一日三餐前不加冠词。如:We usually discuss the business at breakfast.
  8.习惯用语和固定短语中,名词前不加冠词。如:go to school,at school,in hospital,at dawn,after school,by bus,on foot,in time,in fact,on show等。找错误1.Tim is a honest boy because he never tells a lie.A BThe students in his class take a pride in him.
  C D
  解析:答案为A。a改为an。单词honest的词首尽管为辅音字母h,但是h不发音,在元音音素前,应用不定冠词an。2.Monica is a popular girl in the class.She was A  B made a monitor for the next month.
  C D
  解析:答案为C。a monitor改为monitor。因为在表示独一无二的职位、头衔、称呼的名称前不用加冠词。3.Look,I find a book on Chinese acupuncture in A the library today.Is this a book that you are looking for?B CI thought you might take an interest in it.D
  解析:答案为C。a book改为the book。句中表述“这是你想要找的书吗”明确提到了之前提到的书。这里指特定的物,应用定冠词the。
  
实战演练
  I.Choose the best answer.1.—How many times have you been to New Zealand?— This is my visit.A.four B.the four C.fourth D.the fourth 2.There are three men in the car.Do you think there is any room for us ?A.two B.the two C.second D.the second 3.Five hundred thousand one hundred and seventy means .
  A.510,170  B.510,117
  C.500,170 D.500,171
  4.On October , people travel around the city.A.the first,millions B.the first,millions of C.first,the millionth D.first,millions 5. I’ve been a junior high school student for nearly two and half years.
  A.a B.an C.the D./
  6.There is art room and a dancing room in our school building.A.a B.an C.the  D./7.Mr Xu asked the little boy to write “u”and “n”on the blackboard.A.a,an B.an,a  C.an,an D.a,a 8.The Little Prince,is interesting book,and it is also useful one.
  A.an,an B.an,the C.an,a D.a,a
  9.There is old bike in the yard.______ bike belongs to my grandfather.
  A.an,The B.the,An C.a,The D.the,The
  10.Dr Li, ORBIS doctor,has done such important job that many people are grateful to him.A.a,a B.a,an C.an,a D.an,an 11.Caroline owns larger collection of books than any other student in our class.A.the,/ B.a,/ C.a,the D./,the 12.After a quarrel,they walked without saying word.Michelle was the first to break silence.A.the,a B.a,the C.a,/D.the,/13.When you finish reading the story,you will have better understanding of life and death.A.a,the B.the,a C./,the D.a,/14.The sign reads “In case of fire,break the glass and push red button.”A./,a B./,the C.the,the D.a,a 15.Jumping out of aeroplane at ten thousand feet is quite exciting experience.A./,the B./,an C.an,an D.the,the II.Fill in the blanks with the proper words.1.I think the lesson is the easiest one of the book.(twelve)2.Though Jennifer is in her late , she is still busy doing business with her clients.(forty)3.I have tried (three)times,but Iwill try a time.(four)4.It’s over two drive from Shanghai to Suzhou.(hour)5.There are ______(thousand)of people who attend the meeting and ______(hundred)of people who voice their opinions.

点赞

好贴,顶起,赞一个

来自: iPhone客户端
点赞

支持下,这是一小部分?
点赞

点赞

点赞

asdfg355 发表于 2014-3-31 09:51
数 词
  考查内容 基数词和序数词的实际运用(如时间、日期、楼层、航班等表达);最高级中数词的运用; ...
谢谢,受益匪浅,收了

来自: Android客户端
点赞

点赞

先收着,儿子回来给他看
点赞

先收着
点赞

谢谢!备用吧!

来自: iPhone客户端
点赞

谢谢
点赞

收藏,支持。回家给女儿。
点赞

点赞

用手机访问本贴: 中考英语语法难点解析
相关推荐

反馈 顶部