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家长帮小编 0 发私信 2021-1-14 16:06   查看: 637   回复: 0

本帖最后由 jzb2981388107 于 2021-1-14 16:07 编辑

初中英语七年级上册重点词组、短语和句子汇总来啦~更多期末复习资料,添加小助手(微信号:qdjzb11)领取下载哦~

unit 1

(一)重点句子
1.早上好!  Good morning!     
2.下午好!  Good afternoon!     
3.晚上好!Good evening!      
4.你好吗?How are you?     
5.我很好,谢谢!I am fine, thanks.
6.我还行.  I’m ok.         
7.你好?How do you do?



unit 2

(一) 重点词组、短语
1.用英语   in English               
2.一幅地图 a map         
3.一个橙子 an orange              
4.一床被子 a quilt         
5.拼写它   spell it

(二)重点句子
1.这个用英语怎么说?What is this in English?
2.它是一把尺子.   It’s a ruler.
3.请拼写它.       Spell it , please.
4.拼写(ruler)       R-U-L-E-R.

unit 3

(一) 重点词组、 短语
1.什么颜色  what color        
2.黑白相间 black and white
3.一件绿色得夹克衫 a green jacket   
4.一块橡皮 an eraser

(二)重点句子
1.它是什么颜色的?  What color is it?
2.它是红色的。      It is red.
3.它是一支蓝色的钢笔。It’s a blue pen.
4.它是黑白相间的。It’s black and white.
5.这支钢笔是黑色的。   The pen is black.
6.这是一块白色的橡皮。This is a white eraser.


unit   1  My name’s Gina.

(一)重点词组、短语
1.你的名字 your name   
2.她的名   her first/given name
3.他的姓   his last / family name   
4.电话号码   telephone number
5.一张身份证 an ID card   
6.中学   middle school   

(二)重点句子
1.我叫吉娜. My name is Gina.   
2.我是吉姆. I am Jim.
3.你叫什么名字?What’s your name?
4.看到你很高兴.  Nice to meet you.
5.看到你也很高兴.  Nice to meet you, too.
6.她的名是什么?   What’s her first name?
7.他姓什么?   What’s his last name?
8.她姓史密斯.  Her last name is smith.
9.李新,你的电话号码是多少?  
What’s your telephone number, Li Xin?
10.她的电话号码是多少?     
What’s her telephone number?
11.他的身份证是多少?    What’s his ID card number?

unit 2  This is my sister.

( 一 )重点词组、短语
1.他的姐姐  his sister   
2.我的哥哥 my brother
3.家谱 family tree   
4.一张…的照片 a photo/picture of …
5.我的全家福 my family photo 或a photo of my family

(二)重点句子
1.这是你的铅笔吗?  Is this your pencil?
2.是的,它是。Yes, it is.     
3.不,它不是。No, it isn’t.
4.那是Tim的书吗?  Is that Tim’s book?
5.你怎样拼写它?    How do you spell it?
6.谢谢你.  Thank you/Thanks.
7.不用谢.  That’s all right./ That’s OK./ You’re welcome
5.那是我的祖父母。  Those are my grandparents.
6.谢谢你的全家福。  Thanks for the photo of your family.
7.这是我的家庭照片。This is my family photo.

unit 3 Is this your pencil?

(一)重点词组、短语
1.铅笔盒   pencil box        
2.请原谅。  Excuse me
3.谢谢你。Thank you
谢谢你帮我。
Thank you for your help.
Thanks for helping me.     
4.电脑游戏  computer game
5.失物招领 Lost and Found     
6.一套钥匙   a set of keys   
7.我的笔记本 my notebook     
8.这本字典 this dictionary   

(二) 重点句子
1.这些是你的书吗?   Are these your books?
2.是的,它们是。Yes, they are.
3.不,它们不是。No, they aren’t.
4.这是你的哥哥吗?是的   
Is this your brother?  Yes, it is.
5.这是你的姐妹吗?不是   
Is this your sister?  No, it isn’t.
6.打电话4953539找Allan。    Call Allan at 4953539.


unit 4  Where's my schoolbag?

(一)重点词组、短语
1.在书包里 in the schoolbag     
2.在床上 on the bed
3.在椅子下 under the chair     
4.英语课本English book
5.在沙发上 on the sofa      
6.在桌子下under the table
7.在书桌上 on the desk      
8.飞机模型   model plane   
9.录音机 tape player         
10.在书架上 in the bookcase

(二) 重点句子
1.“书包在哪儿?”  “在桌子下面。”
—Where's the schoolbag?     —It's under the table.
2.“地图在哪儿?”   
“我认为在你爷爷奶奶的房间。”
—Where's the map?   
—I think it's in your grandparents' room.
3.“你的书在哪儿?”  “它们在椅子上。”
—Where are your books?   —They are on the chair.
4.钥匙在书架上。The keys are in the bookcase.

unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball?

( 一 )重点词组、短语
1.打篮球 play basketball        
2.看电视 watch TV
3.打排球 play volleyball   
4.听起来很有趣/放松/容易/困难的
sound interesting/relaxing /easy/difficult   
5.去同一所学校    go to the same school   
6.Let's go! 我们走吧!
7.let sb.do sth. 让_(使)_某人做某事         
8.play tennis  打网球      
9.ping-pong bat乒乓球拍               
10.play computer games  玩电子游戏

(二)重点句子
1.你们有足球吗?Do you have a soccer ball?
2.他们有乒乓球拍吗?   Do they have a ping-pong bat ?
3.我们有篮球吗?   Do we have a basketball ?
4.是的,我们有。Yes, we do.   
5.不,我们 No, we don’t.
6.我没有许多排球.   I don’t have many volleyballs.
7.你没有姐妹.     You don’t have a sister.
8.你们没有数学书.   You don’t have a math book.
9.他们没有祖父母.   They don’t have grandparents.
10.她有一个弟弟.   She has a brother.
11.林涛有5只铅笔.   Lin Tao has five pencils.
12.它有一个名字.    It has a name.
13.我的妹妹没有铅笔盒.
My sister doesn’t have a pencil box.
14.让我们一起打篮球吧.  Let’s play basketball.
15.让我们一起看电视吧.  Let’s watch TV.
16.听起来不错.         That sounds good.
17.听起来很无聊.       That sounds boring.
18.但是,他不做运动。   But, he doesn’t play sports.
19.他只是通过电视观看他们. He only watches them on TV.
20.他每天做运动.          She plays sports every day.
21.我每天打排球.            I play volleyball every day.
22.足球对我来说很难。Soccer is difficult for me.

unit 6   Do you like bananas?

(一)重点词组、短语
1.一些鸡肉  some chicken     
2.五个西红柿 five tomatoes
3.许多汉堡 many / lots of hamburgers     
4.八个草莓    eight strawberries
5.一些冰激凌 some ice cream   
6.四块手表 four watches
7.二串钥匙 two sets of keys      
8.六个男孩  six boys
9.吃早餐     have breakfast         
10.吃午餐    have lunch
11.吃晚餐    have dinner         
12.就早餐而言   for breakfast
13.就午餐而言    for lunch      
14.就晚餐而言   for dinner
15.运动明星    sports star      
16.健康食品   healthy food
17.保持健康    keep healthy   
18.一本有趣的书  an interesting book
19.怎样 / 如何 how about /what about   
20.不健康的食品 unhealthy food
21.饮食习惯 eating habits
22.是健康的 be healthy        be in good health
23.喜欢做某事 like doing sth     like to do sth
24.想要做某事 want to do sth    would like to do sth

(二)重点句子
1.我喜欢沙拉.     I like salad.
2.你喜欢香蕉吗?      Do you like bananas?
3.他们不喜欢西红柿.   They don’t like tomatoes.
4.我喜欢健康食品.   I like healthy food.
5.我妹妹喜欢草莓.   My sister likes strawberries.
6.他弟弟不喜欢冰淇凌.   
His brother doesn’t like ice cream.
7.她爸爸喜欢蔬菜吗?      
Does her father like vegetables?
8.让我们吃些鸡肉吧.     Let’s have some chicken.
9.它喜欢胡萝卜吗?     Does it like carrots?
10.让我们吃些水果吧.      Let’s have some fruit.
11.我不喜欢沙拉和冰淇凌.  I don’t like salad or ice cream.
12.他不喜欢蔬菜,但他喜欢水果.  
He doesn’t like vegetables, but he likes fruit.
13.她不喜欢打排球.     She doesn’t like playing volleyball.
14.她吃汉堡,鸡蛋和梨作为晚餐.  
She has hamburgers, eggs and pears for dinner
15.你爸爸午餐吃什么?
What does your father have for lunch?
16.我不想变胖。I don't want to be fat.

unit 7 How much are these socks?

(一)重点词组、短语
1.多少钱 how much  
2.七美元 seven dollars  
3.五元钱 five yuan  
4.她的鞋 her shoes  
5.杰姆的白色袜子  Jim’s white socks  
6.我妹妹的短裤 my sister’s shorts  
7.两条裤子 two pairs of trousers  
8.一件长的红色的毛衣  a long red sweater  
9.两条黄绿相间的裙子  
two yellow and green skirts  
10.一顶大的蓝色帽子 a big blue hat
11.一件短的黑色的体恤衫   
a short black t-shirt  
12.两个小包 two small bags  
13.什么颜色 what color  
14.给你   here you are  
15.不用客气  you’re welcome  
16.服装店 a clothes store  
17.以很便宜的价钱  at a very good price
  at very good prices  
18.穿红色衣服的女孩   a girl in red
   紫色的裙子 skirts in purple  
19.运动鞋 sports shoes  
20.…的价格  the price of …
21.廉价出售;大促销  on sale
22. 在我们的特价售卖会上  at our great sale  

(二)重点句子
1.红体恤多少钱?  
How much is the red T-shirt?
What’s the price of the T-shirt?
2.它是28美元.     It’s 28 dollars.
3.这些黑裤子多少钱?      
How much are these black pants?
4.它们10元.     They are 10 yuan.
5.那顶小的红色的帽子多少钱?   
How much is that small red hat?
What is the price of that small red hat?
6.我能帮忙吗?     
Can I help you?/  May I help you?
what can I do for you?  
7.我想买一件毛衣.
I want to buy a sweater.
I want a sweater.
8.你想要什么颜色的?        What color do you want?
9.给你.  Here you are.     
10.我将买下它.     I’ll take it.
11.我将买下它们.   I’ll take them.
12.不用客气.       You’re welcome.
13.快来为你自己买衣服吧!   
Come and buy your clothes for yourself!
15.快来买衣服吧!我们衣服大减价了.
Come and buy your clothes at our great sale.
16.我们有价格优惠的毛衣,只卖15元.
We have sweaters for only 15 dollars.
17.你需要运动包吗?      Do you need bags for sports?
18.我们有女士体恤衫红色,绿色和白色的,只卖18元.
For girls,we have t-shirts in red,green and white for only 18 yuan.
19.绿色短裤只卖20美元.   
The green shorts are only 20 dollars.
20.我们有各种颜色的毛衣每件仅售15元。
We have sweaters in all colors for 15 yuan each.

unit 8 When is your birthday?

(一)重点词组、短语
1.第五课 Lesson Five /the fifth lesson   
2. 12个月 twelve months
3.第12个月 the twelfth month   
4.第20天 the twentieth day
6.在1月28日 on January 28th      
7.在1996年12月25日   on December 25th ,1996
8.在十月份   in October   
9.在2008年 8月  in August,2008
10.在3月11日上午  on the morning of March 11th
在周五下午on Frinday afternoon/on the afternoon of Friday
11.每年 every year   
12.生日聚会  birthday party
13.生日快乐!Happy birthday!
   我十岁生日  my tenth birthday   
14.几岁 how old
15.图书甩卖  book sale      
16.足球赛soccer game
17.school trip学校旅行     
18.volleyball game  排球赛
19.School Day  校庆日     
20.art festival   艺术节
21.English Day  英语日

(二)重点句子
1.你的生日是什么时候?一月十五日。  
When is your birthday?  It’s on January 15th.
2.你妈妈的生日是什么时候?         
When is your mother’s birthday ?
3.她多大了?    How old is she?
4.你多大了? 我十五岁。         
How old are you ?  
I’m fifteen./ I’m fifteen years old.
5.祝你生日快乐!    Happy birthday to you!
6.二月是一年中的第二个月份。   
February is the second month of a year.
7.每年的最后一个月份是12月。   
The last month of a year is December.
8.你们学校有校庆日吗?         
Do you have a school day at your school?
9.他的生日是8月14日。       His birthday is August 14th.
10.我们在11月22日进行郊游。  
We have a school trip on November 22nd.
11.你的年龄是多大?         How old are you?
What’s your age ?   What’s the age of you?
12.你们学校有艺术节吗?   
Do you have an art festival at your school?
13.今天是11月23号。    It is November 23rd.
14.今天几月几号?What’t the date today.
15.今天星期几?What day is it today?
16.今天几月几日,星期几?What’s today?
17.你们在何时何地举行派对?
When and where do you have a party?


unit 9 My favorite subject is science.


( 一 )重点词组、短语
1.上数学课have math   
2.在星期一on Monday
3.两个小时two hours      
4.第二天 the next day
5.当然;确定 for sure     
6.上美术课  have an art lesson
7.最喜爱的科目favorite subject      
8.音乐老师  music teacher   
9.与某人玩耍play with sb.     
  玩某物play with sth   
10.思考,考虑  think about   
11.从…到… from … to …        
12.忙碌   be busy      
13.下课后   after class
14.忙于(做)某事
be busy doing sth /  be busy with sth
15.最喜欢….  like…best

(二)重点句子
1.你最喜欢的科目是什么?
What’s your favorite subject?/ What subject do you like best?
2.我最喜欢的科目是科学。
My favorite subject is science./ I like science best.
3.你为什么喜欢历史?  Why do you like history?
4.因为它有趣。     Because it’s interesting.
5.他为什么喜欢艺术?  Why does he like art?
6.她为什么喜欢体育?  Why does she like P.E.?
7.你最喜欢什么食物?汉堡包。     
What is your favorite food? Hamburgers.
8.他最喜欢的颜色是什么?黄色。   
What is his favorite color?  Yellow.
9.你最喜欢的蔬菜是什么?花椰菜。
What is your favorite vegetable? Broccoli.
10.谁是你的数学老师?  Who is your math teacher?
11.我确实很忙。I’m really busy.
12.午饭后,我上语文课。    After lunch, I have Chinese.
13.下课后我玩两个小时的排球。   
After class, I have volleyball for two hours.
14.我喜欢和我的狗一起玩。I like to play with my dog.
15.周一我们上两节语文课。
We have two Chinese classes on Monday.
16.我们在上午七点到九点期间上数学。
We have math from seven to nine in the morning.


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